What is Gender Pay Gap Reporting?
The Equality Act 2010 (Gender Pay Gap Information) Regulations came into force on 1 October 2016. The regulations require all private and voluntary sector employers with 250 or more employees to publish details of their gender pay gap.
The Gender Pay Gap calculations are based on an equivalent hourly rate for each employee, for the pay period including 5 April 2017. It is expressed as a percentage of men’s average earnings (so a positive % means that men are paid more on average than women).
The gender pay gap is often confused with equal pay. However, it measures something quite different. Whilst Equal Pay reflects whether men and women are paid the same for carrying out work of equal value, as set out in the Equality Act 2010, the Gender Pay Gap paints a picture of the gender balance in respect of earning levels across the organisation, irrespective of roles.
What do we need to report?
The regulations have 3 key reporting requirements that apply to the Students’ Association:
- >The difference in Median pay between men and women
- (The Median average is calculated by sorting the values into an order from lowest to highest, and then finding the value that is in the middle of that sorted list)
- >The difference in Mean pay between men and women
- (The Mean average is calculated by adding together all the values and dividing by the number of values)
- >The gender distribution when employees are placed into four equally sized Quartiles
- (Quartiles are developed by sorting hourly pay for all staff into order from lowest to highest. This ordered list is then split into four equal parts, known as quartiles)
- >There are similar reporting requirements for bonus pay, which do not apply to the Students’ Association at this time.
- >Staff who do not identify as either gender are currently omitted from Gender Pay Gap calculations, in accordance with guidance from the Government Equalities Office and ACAS.
In 2018, the UK’s average gender pay gap for all employees (including part-time) was 18.4% for median earnings, and 17.4% for mean earnings. The median is the Office for National Statistics’ preferred measure.
The gender make-up of our workforce
As of April 2018, the breakdown between hourly-paid and salaried staff at the Students’ Association was as follows:
The gender distribution of our workforce was as follows:
Our Gender Pay Details
Gender Pay Gap – All Staff vs UK average
*ONS Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2018 (including full and part-time employees)
All Staff Gender Split, by Pay Quartile
Interpreting our pay gap
On average, men are paid 8% (median) and 8.2% (mean) more than women at the Students’ Association. However, it is worth noting there are demographic factors that significantly influence our numbers.
Our gender pay gap is driven primarily by a gender imbalance in the lower three pay quartiles. 79% of our employees are hourly paid student staff, 66% of whom are women, which explains why the numbers of women within the lower two quartiles in particular (the population of which is almost entirely hourly paid) is so high.
That there is such a large ratio of women within the hourly paid group is relatively unsurprising, given that it broadly mirrors the demographic of the student body of the University. On the whole, hourly paid roles are also largely viewed as temporary by their post holders, few of whom have intentions to remain in post much beyond graduation, so progression through the organisation from this group is unlikely in most instances.
The influence of the hourly paid roles on our global gender pay gap indicated that there would be value in conducting an analysis by employment type, as follows:
Gender Pay Gap
Salaried Staff Gender Split, by Pay Quartile
Hourly Paid Staff
Gender Pay Gap – Hourly
Hourly Staff Gender Split, by Pay Quartile
By separating employment types, we have found that there is a -10.2% median gender gap in our salaried area (meaning that women are, on average, paid more than men in this group). This shows a substantial shift from a -1.58% median in the data reported in 2018, due to a change in gender balance within the senior team and more females working in higher paid roles.
The mean gender pay gap of 0.4% within our salaried staff, indicates that overall the balance of more females in higher level roles has reduced the mean pay gap substantially from the 2018 level of 10.78%.
In the hourly paid area, the 4.5% median gender gap in part reflects the fact that more males than females are employed in the upper quartile. However, the key driver of the median pay gap increase is that we employ a much higher percentage of females in the lower and lower middle quartiles, (74.25%). The mean gap of 2.90% suggests that, in this group, marginally more men than women are in the higher paid roles. This is something we intend to monitor, and take action to resolve where appropriate.
What are we doing to make a difference?
The Trustees and leadership team at Edinburgh University Students’ Association are committed to promoting diversity and eliminating gender inequality wherever it might exist. We welcome gender pay gap reporting as a useful tool that will help to ensure that gender equality and diversity remains at the forefront of the people strategy for all organisations.
We confirm the data reported is accurate:
Vice President (Welfare)
Chair, People and Culture Subcommittee
Our Gender Pay Gap Archive